EU Regulations of toy safety

The most important is the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC in European Union, which stipulates the quality requirements and conformity assessment procedures, all the toys entering the EU market must meet the requirements of the directive. However, the directive only deals with the main objectives and basic requirements of toys not involve technical details. Specific technical details are determined by harmonizing the standard EN 71 series and EN 62115. The EN 71 series standard specifies the requirements for physical performance, flammability, labeling, and EN 62115 specifies the safety requirements of the electric toys. In addition, toys should comply with other EU regulations, such as Reach regulations, POPs regulations, RoHS directives and so on.

EU Regulations of toy safety
Regulations/StandardStandard  nameContent
2009/48/ECToy Safety DirectiveEU legislation aims to ensure that toys meet safety requirements that are amongst the strictest in the world. Toy Safety  Directive 2009/48/EC (also known as “TSD”) lay down the safety  criteria that toys must meet before they can be marketed in the EU
EN 71-1Mechanical and physical propertiesThis  standard specifies requirements and test methods for toys intended for use by children in various age groups from birth to 14 years
EN 71-2FlammabilityThis  standard specifies the categories of flammable materials that are prohibited in all toys, and requirements concerning flammability of certain toys when  they are subjected to a minor source of ignition
EN 71-3Migration of Certain ElementsThis standard specifies test methods and limits of the migration of 19 soluble  heavy metal elements from accessible materials used in toys
EN 71-4Experimental sets for chemistry and related activitiesThis  standard specifies requirements for the maximum amount and, in some cases, the maximum concentration of certain substances and mixtures used in  experimental sets for chemistry and related activities
EN 71-5Chemical toys (sets) other than  experimental setsThis  standard specified requirements and test methods for the substances and materials used in chemical toys (sets) other than experimental  sets
EN 71-7Finger  paints – Requirements and test methodsThis standard specifies requirements for the substances and materials used in finger paints
EN 71-8Activity toys for domestic useThis standard specifies requirements and test methods for activity toys for domestic use often attached to or incorporating a crossbeam, and similar toys intended for children under 14  years to play on or in and often intended to bear the mass of one or more  children
EN 71-9Organic chemical compoundsRequirementsThis standard specifies requirements for the migration or content of certain hazardous organic chemical compounds from/in certain toys and toy materials
EN 71-10Organic chemical compounds-Sample preparation and extractionThis standard specifies sample preparation and extraction procedures for establishing the release or content of organic compounds from those toys for which requirements exist in EN 71-9
EN 71-11Organic chemical compounds-Methods of analysisThis standard specifies methods for the  analysis of toy and toy material extracts prepared according to the sampling  procedures in EN 71-10, to enable assessment of compliance with the chemical  requirements specified in EN 71-9
EN 71-12N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substancesThis standard specifies the requirements and test methods for determining N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substance restricted in toys intended for use by children under 36 months or in other  toys and parts of toys intended to be placed in the mouth
EN 71-13Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and  gustative gamesThis standard specifies requirements for olfactory board games, gustative board games, cosmetic kits and gustative kits
EN 71-14Trampolines for domestic useThis standard  specifies requirements and test methods for domestic use, their access device  and their enclosures, intended for outdoor and/or indoor use above ground  level by one person at a time
EN 62115Electric toys – SafetyThis  standard specifies electrical safety requirements for toys, such as marking and instructions, power input, heating and abnormal operation, electric  strength at operating temperature, moisture resistance, electric strength at  room temperature, mechanical strength, construction, protection of cords and  wires, components, screws and connections, clearances and creepage distances,  resistance to heat and fire, radiation, toxicity and similar hazards, etc.


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