USA Regulations for Jewelry & Accessories

USA Regulations for Jewelry & Accessories


The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of USA (CPSIA) strictly limits the lead inchildren’s products. The lead content limits differed in the substrate and the coating. In addition, the act also limits phthalates in children’s toys and child care articles.

Chemical itemsItemsRequirements
LeadSubstrate:  100ppm;  Surface Coating: 90mg/kg
Phthalates8P: DEHP/ DBP/ BBP/ DINP/ DIBP/ DCHP/ DPENP/ DHEXP, each of them shall not exceed 1000mg/kg

2. ASTM F2923

The standard only applies to the jewelries that are intended to be worn by the children up to 12 years old but not applies to toys jewelry.The standard not only limits kinds of heavy metal content in the product,including lead, cadmium, nickel release, soluble heavy metals, but also has the requirements on their mechanical and physical properties.

Chemical itemsItemsRequirements
LeadSubstrate: 100mg/kg;Surface Coating: 90mg/kg
Extractable cadmiumPlastic small  parts:75 mg/kg; Metal small  parts:200 μg
Salt extractable  cadmium18 μg
Nickel releaseBody pierced:  0.2μg/cm2/week
Directly and prolonged contact withthe skin: 0.5μg/cm2/week
7 soluble heavy  metals (Surface Coating)Cd: 75 mg/kg, Hg:  60 mg/kg, Cr: 60 mg/kg, As:25 mg/kg, Se:500 mg/kg, Sb: 60 mg/kg, Ba: 1000 mg/kg
Phthalates8P: DEHP/ DBP/ BBP/ DINP/ DIBP/ DCHP/ DPENP/ DHEXP, each of them shall not exceed  1000mg/kg.
MechanicalitemsSharp point and  edgeChildren’s  Jewelry (for children under 8 years old) must not contain any accessible  hazardous sharp points and edges.
Small partChildren’s  Jewelry (for children under 3 years old) must not contain small part.
Magnet hazard(It is a small  part and has a flux index ≥50 KG2CM2)(1)Under 8 years  old: Children’s jewelry Don’t liberate a small part magnet or magnetic  component after use and abuse testing;
(2) 8 years old and older: If it liberates a small part  magnet or  magnetic component after use and abuse testing, need provide a warning  statement.
Breakaway  feature and releaseAfter 15 pounds  tension testing, it should be breakaway and not release any physical hazard.
Battery  requirement(1) Before and  after abuse testing, the small part battery should not be accessible without  any tools.
(2) For  children’s jewelry that use more than one replaceable battery in one circuit,  the instructions or the product shall be marked with the following (or equivalent)  information.
(3)Children’s jewelry  with non-replaceable batteries that are accessible with the tool shall bear a   statement.
(4)Battery-operated  children’s jewelry shall be designed so that it is not possible to charge any  non-rechargeable battery.
(5)The correct  battery polarity shall be marked permanently on the battery. Additional  markings located on the jewelry or in the instructions must indicate the  correct battery size and voltage.
Suction   Tongue StudMust not contain.
LabelAge-LabelingShould have  age labeling.
Other  Recommended Cautionary LabelingFor earring, a  warning should be labeled to notify the consumer of the risk of embedding  from continuous use, and to inspect a piercing regularly for potential  embedding of earring components.
Liquid   filled- jewelryLiquid(1) Children’s  jewelry should not contain any materials listed in 16 CFR §1500.231 or  16 CFR §1500.14.
(2) Permitted  liquids, such as cosmetics in children’s jewelry should  meet USP51&61&62.
(3) Other permitted  liquids (except for cosmetics), such as pastes, putties, gels, and powders should  meet USP61&62.

3. ASTM F2999

This standard only applies to adult jewelry that designed or intended primarily for use by consumers over age 12. The specification cites some requirements under California Proposition to jewelry containing lead (CA Health and Safety Code Section 25214.1-25214.4.2 ) and ASTMF2923. The requirements include lead, cadmium, soluble metals and nickel release, and certain mechanical hazards refer to hazardous magnets, batteries and suction tongue studs.

Chemical itemsItemsRequirements
LeadExcept exemption   materials:
(1)  Electroplated  metal: 60000 mg/kg
(2)Un-plated   metal: 15000 mg/kg
(3)Plastic   or rubber: 200 mg/kg
(4)A dye or   surface coating: 600 mg/kg
(5)Materials not  otherwise classified 600 mg/kg
Cadmium15000 mg/kg
Extractable cadmiumPlastic   small parts:75 mg/kg;
 Metal small parts: 200 μg
Salt extractable  cadmium18 μg
Nickel releaseNo limits.
7 soluble heavy  metals (Surface Coating)Cd: 75 mg/kg, Hg:  60 mg/kg, Cr: 60 mg/kg, As: 25  mg/kg, Se: 500  mg/kg, Sb: 60 mg/kg, Ba: 1000  mg/kg
MechanicalitemsMagnet (It is a small  part and has a  flux index≥50 KG2CM2)If the magnet or  magnetic component is a small part, need provide a warning statement.
BatteryThe small part  battery should not be touched without any tools.
Suction   Tongue StudIf the product  contains suction tongue studs, need provide a warning.
Age-LabelingShould have age labeling
Liquid-filled   jewelryLiquidShould not  contain any materials listed in 16CFR 1500.14.

4. CA Prop65

California Proposition 65, the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, is the act on toxic chemicals of USA California passed in 1986.The act has requirements on lots of products, including jewelry, textiles, toys and electronic appliances, and contains many kinds of chemical substances currently. For jewelry, many cases existed and the main substances are lead,cadmium, phthalates, etc. In different case, the lead content limits are different.

Case No.ItemsRequirements
Alameda Superior   Court,RG10-514803LeadThe limits are  different in different materials (Except  the exemption  items).
The limits are  different in children’s jewelry and adult’s jewelry.
Alameda Superior Court CaseNo. RG 18-923611Cadmium100 mg/kg
CA Prop 65 – The County of Marin Case No. CIV1103513Phthalates(3P: DBP/BBP/DEHP)3P,each of which shall not exceed  0.1% .
Remark: It is recommended to test 6P(BBP/ DBP/ DEHP/ DIDP/ DINP/ DnHP) according to California 65. The first 3P are judged according to the case, and the latter 3P are determined by customer limits. The recommended limit is ≤1000 mg/kg.
San Francisco   Superior Court Case No. CGC-10-497729Phthalates(3P: DBP/BBP/DEHP)3P,each of which  shall not exceed  0.1% .
Remark: It is recommended to test 6P(BBP/ DBP/ DEHP/ DIDP/ DINP/ DnHP) according to California 65. The first 3P are judged according to the case, and the latter 3P are determined by customer limits. The recommended limit is ≤1000 mg/kg.【
Apply to all  accessible PVC,  soft plastic, vinyl, and synthetic leather materials】

5. Other

The legislations on children’s jewelry in the other states of USA have passed, such as, Illinois Lead Poisoning Prevention Act (ILPPA), Children’s Safe Product Act (CSPA) of Washington, the cadmium content shall not exceed 75mg/kg in Maryland and Connecticut State and soluble cadmium shall not exceed 75mg/kg in the Illinois and Minnesota.

Illinois Lead  Poisoning  Prevention Act (ILPPA)LeadAn item bears a  warning statement that indicates that at least one component part of the item   contains lead when a total lead is more than 40 mg/kg. However the item  still needs to meet requirements under CPSIA to lead.
Children’s Safe   Product Act (CSPA)Lead90mg/kg
Phthalates6P  (DEHP+DBP+BBP+DINP+DIDP+DnOP)≤1000mg/kg.
Chapter   578 (HB 145, Session 2011)

(US Maryland)
Public  Act  10-113 (HB 5314) (US Connecticut)Cadmium75mg/kg
Public  Act  96-1379 Cadmium Safe Kids Act

(HB 5040,  Session 2010) (US Illinois)
Soluble   cadmium75mg/kg
S.F  2510  Art6. sec 27 (US Minnesota)Soluble   cadmium75mg/kg


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